Media Studies Intro to Cinema

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Shot-by-Shot Analysis Project of Umberto D.

Filed under: Uncategorized — Francesca Scaturro at 12:00 pm on Friday, October 14, 2011

 Scene Analysis: from Umberto D. (director:Vittorio De Sica, Dear Films, 1952)

11 shots in the street where Umberto walks to a plaza and makes his dog collect money in a hat (3:02).

Shot 1 (16 seconds)

Framing: Long Shot, Long take.

Camera Placement: Straight on keeping Umberto in the middle as the focus of the frame.

Composition: Umberto is walking with Flike (his dog) on a sidewalk which is slanted downwards, symbolizing his path to the bottom point in his life. Strong diagonal from middle portion of the frame towards the bottom right of the frame. Soft focus.

Lighting: Everything is well lit in the scene because it is daytime outside, and we are able to see the sidewalk with the people of the community walking past him and stores in the background, and columns in ruin on the other side of the street.

Depth of Field: Deep.

Camera Movement: The camera pans to the right to follow Umberto as he walks down the sidewalk, and then stops to focus on him.

Sound: Dramatic sad music.

 

Shot 2

Framing: Long shot which moves into a Medium Shot, Long take.

Camera Placement: Slightly High Angle, from the top of the sidewalk    .

Composition: Umberto stops at the bottom of the ledge to sit and reflect on his thoughts while he pets Flike and rubs his head as a motion of having distressed thoughts. He also puts his hand out in a cupped motion as if he is asking for money.

Lighting: Daylight and everything is still well lit.

Depth of Field: Deep.

Camera Movement: The camera stays still on Umberto for a moment capturing this moment of distress he is having.

Sound: Dramatic sad music.

Straight cut to next shot.

Shot 3

Framing: Close up, Short take.

Camera Placement: Straight on slightly to the right.

Composition: Umberto is in right of the frame and is still at the bottom of the ledge with his hand out thinking to himself. Then we see a man approaching from behind with the stores in the background. Sharp focus on Umberto in the foreground. Camera is in opposite position from previous shot.

Lighting: Daylight, well lit.

Depth of Field: Shallow, only Umberto is in focus now. The man in the background is blurred.

Camera Movement: The man is background is walking around the ledge from the left of the frame towards the right of the frame and downwards towards Umberto.

Sound: Dramatic Sad music.

 Straight cut to next shot.

Shot 4

Framing: Medium Shot, Short take.

Camera Placement: High angle on top of the sidewalk.

Composition: The man who walks past thinks that Umberto is putting his hand out as a gesture to ask for money, but is confused when Umberto turns his cupped hand upside down. The man realizes that he does not want money so the man continues to walk on his way.

Lighting: Daylight, well lit.

Depth of Field: Deep. The man and Umberto are both in focus.

Camera Movement: The man stops next to Umberto to give him the money but then slowly walks away towards the bottom right of the frame.

Sound: Dramatic sad music.

 Straight cut to next shot.

 Shot 5

 Framing: Close up, Short take.

 Camera Placement: Straight on, slightly to the right.

 Composition: Umberto is taking a breath in angst.

 Lighting: Daylight, well lit.

 Depth of Field: Shallow.

 Camera Movement: The people is the background are walking up the hill towards the right of the frame.

 Sound: Dramatic Sad music.

Straight cut to next shot.

 Shot 6

 Framing: Long Shot, Long take.

 Camera Placement: High Angle, Straight on.

 Composition: Umberto goes to hide by the columns while he puts his hat into Flikes mouth so people who walk past can put money in the that. People who walk past look at the dog.

 Lighting: Daylight, well lit.

 Depth of Field: Deep.

 Camera Movement: Umberto running behind the column.

 Sound: Dramatic sad music.

Straight cut to next shot.

 Shot 7

 Framing: Medium Shot, Short take.

 Camera Placement: Straight on slightly to the left.

 Composition: Umberto is hiding behind the columns and looking around to see if anyone can see him, because he feels embarrassed to have to ask for money on the street using his dog Flike.

 Lighting: Daylight, well lit.

 Depth of Field: Deep.

 Camera Movement: Umberto moving his head to look around.

 Sound: Dramatic Sad music.

Straight cut to next shot.

 Shot 8

Framing: Medium shot, Short take.

Camera Placement: Low Angle.

Composition: Flike is holding the hat in his mouth, and looking at Umberto that is hiding behind the columns. People pass by and look at Flike.

Lighting: Daylight, well lit.

Depth of Field: Shallow, only Flike is in focus.

Camera Movement: Flike moving his head to look at Umberto.

Sound: Dramatic Sad music.

 Shots 7 and 8 rotate simultaneously for a few seconds until Umberto’s friend comes into the picture.

Straight cut to next shot.

 

 Shot 9

 Framing: Long to Medium Shot, Medium take.

 Camera Placement: Low angle, slightly to the right.

 Composition: We see Umberto’s friend walking down the sidewalk approaching Flike.

 Lighting: Daylight, well lit.

 Depth of Field: Deep. Everything in the shot is in focus.

 Camera Movement: The man walking down the sidewalk.

 Sound: Dramatic Sad music.

Straight cut to next shot.

Shot 10

Framing: Medium Shot, Short take.

Camera Placement: Straight on, Slightly to the left.

Composition: Umberto sees his friend walking down the sidewalk, and has a look of shock on his face.

Lighting: Daylight well lit.

Depth of Field: Deep.

Camera Movement: Umberto turning his face.

Sound: Dramatic sad music.

Straight cut to next shot.

Shot 11

Framing: Long Shot, Medium take.

Camera Placement: High angle.

Composition: He doesn’t want his friend to realize that he has put Flike to ask for money on the sidewalk, so he quickly runs to Flike so the man doesn’t realize what he is doing.

Lighting: Daylight, well lit.

Depth of Field: Deep.

Camera Movement: Umberto running towards Flike and the man.

Sound: Dramatic sad music. Umberto greeting the man as well as the man asking what Flike is doing out on the street. 

This scene outlines Umberto’s situation by the long take at the beginning of the scene. Sica uses long takes to emphasize important things throughout the film. At the beginning he uses a long take to show all the men protesting to increase their pensions. He also uses long takes to emphasize when the maid is doing things in the kitchen to show repetitiveness in her daily routine. This scene he uses the long take to emphasize his downward demise and the psychological toll it is taking on him because he has no money. The long take show him essentiallysymbolically hitting rock bottom as he walks down the sidwalk.

In this scene we see the tragic position Umberto is in because of his lack of money, the director outlines this by showing many shots with downward angles. His walk down the sidewalk symbolizes a decline in his situation, and the ruins in the background also symbolize how quickly his situation is deteriorating. He is the only person standing near the ruins while all the other people in the scene are near the stores in the background, or simply just walking past him. Most of the shots are the same, but one shot which is positioned a little bit differently is when his friend comes into the picture towards the end of the scene, and camera is positioned looking a little upwards to him, as a symbol of hope that this friend of his could lend him some money. The use of these angles as well as Umberto always looking down show how saddened he is by his financial situation, as well as how embarrassed he is to let people see him “begging” for money that he puts his dog Flike to try and get some money for him. He prefers not to ask money than ask for it because it shames him too much.

 

All pictures retrieved from :  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pB6sFmNTi-Q&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pB6sFmNTi-Q&feature=related

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